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<<Vordefinierte Konstanten

sqlite_array_query -- SQLiteDatabase->arrayQuery>>


SQLite Funktionen

Vordefinierte Klassen


Repräsentiert eine geöffnete SQLite-Datenbank.


  • __construct - erzeugt ein neues SQLiteDatabase-Objekt


  • query - Führt eine Abfrage aus

  • queryExec - Führt eine Abfrage ohne Ergebnis aus

  • arrayQuery - Führt eine Abfrage aus und gibt das Ergebnis als Array zurück

  • singleQuery - Führt eine Abfrage aus und gibt entweder ein Array für eine einzelne Spalte oder den Wert der ersten Zeile zurück

  • unbufferedQuery - Führt eine ungepufferte Abfrage aus

  • lastInsertRowid - Liefert die ZeilenID der zuletzt eingefügten Zeile

  • changes - Liefert die Anzahl der veränderten Zeilen für die zuletzt ausgeführte Abfrage

  • createAggregate - Registriert eine benutzerdefinierte Aggregatfunktion zur Verwendung in SQL-Abfragen

  • createFunction - Registriert eine benutzerdefinierte Funktion zur Verwendung in SQL-Abfragen

  • busyTimeout - Setzt oder deaktiviert das "busy timeout"

  • lastError - Liefert den Fehlercode des letzten aufgetretenen Fehlers

  • fetchColumnTypes - Liefert ein Array mit den Spaltentypen einer bestimmten Tabelle


Repräsentiert eine gepufferte SQLite-Ergebnismenge.


  • fetch - Liefert die nächste Ergebniszeile der Ergebnismenge als Array.

  • fetchObject - Liefert die nächste Ergebniszeile der Ergebnismenge als Objekt

  • fetchSingle - Liefert den Wert der ersten Spalte der Ergebnismenge als String

  • fetchAll - Liefert alle Ergebniszeilen des Resultsets als ein Array von Arrays

  • column - Liefert eine Spalte der aktuellen Zeile der Ergebnismenge

  • numFields - Liefert die Anzahl der Felder in der Ergebnismenge

  • fieldName - Liefert den Namen eines bestimmten Feldes der Ergebnismenge

  • current - Liefert die aktuelle Ergebniszeile als Array

  • key - Liefert den aktuellen Zeilenindex

  • next - Positioniert auf die nächste Ergebniszeile

  • valid - Prüft ob weitere Ergebniszeilen verfügbar sind

  • rewind - Positioniert auf die erste Zeile der Ergebnismenge zurück

  • prev - Positioniert auf die vorhergehende Ergebniszeile

  • hasPrev - Prüft ob eine vorhergehende Ergebniszeile verfügbar ist

  • numRows - Liefert die Anzahl der Ergebniszeilen

  • seek - Positioniert auf eine bestimmte Ergebniszeile


Repräsentiert eine nicht gepufferte Ergebnismenge. Ungepufferte Resultsets sind sequentiell, daher kann in ihnen nur vorwärts gesucht werden.


  • fetch - Liefert die nächste Ergebniszeile der Ergebnismenge als Array.

  • fetchObject - Liefert die nächste Ergebniszeile der Ergebnismenge als Objekt

  • fetchSingle - Liefert den Wert der ersten Spalte der Ergebnismenge als String

  • fetchAll - Liefert alle Ergebniszeilen als ein Array von Arrays

  • column - Liefert eine Spalte der aktuellen Zeile der Ergebnismenge

  • numFields - Liefert die Anzahl der Spalten der Ergebnismenge

  • fieldName - Liefert den Namen einer bestimmten Spalte der Ergebnismenge

  • current - Liefert die aktuelle Ergebniszeile als Array

  • next - Positioniert auf die nächste Ergebniszeile

  • valid - Prüft ob weitere Ergebniszeilen verfügbar sind


26 BenutzerBeiträge:
- Beiträge aktualisieren...
iphone at kkk ccc sss dot gr
6.12.2009 19:35
a simplier way to find out if a table exists:

=sqlite_open('mydb.sqlite', 0666, $sqliteerror);
$query = sqlite_query($db, "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table' and name='the_table_Im_looking_for'");
$totaltables = sqlite_num_rows($query);
    if (
/* table does not exist...create it or do something... */
/* table exists...don't create again , do something else */
vincent at tigroux dot net
11.10.2006 0:19
on win 32

the error "malformed database schema - unable to open a temporary database file for storing temporary tables" may happen if the temp and tmp env vars are typed like this : %WINDIR/Temp

Replace by C:/Windows/Temp and the error will disappear.
papafox888 at hotmail dot com
2.06.2006 6:05
If you get an error message:

     Warning: sqlite_open() [function.sqlite-open]: file is encrypted or is not a database

then most probably your code is accessing a SQLite3 database.

sqlite_open() only supports SQLite2.  Use PDO to access SQLite3.
Egon at example dot com
22.02.2006 2:15
public function set_by_db_with_join_to_users_department($col, $foo){
    $list = "da.ROWID, da.dept_id, da.script, da.action, da.description,";
    $query = "SELECT $list FROM dept_access AS da, users_department AS ud
        WHERE da.dept_id = ud.ROWID
        AND da.$col = '$foo';";

    $db = new SQLiteDatabase (dept_access::db_path, 0666, &$error)
        or die("Failed: $error");
    $db->queryExec("ATTACH DATABASE '".dept_access::db_users_path."' AS users");
    $row = $db->arrayQuery($query, SQLITE_ASSOC);

echo $query."\n";
echo var_dump($row);
    $this->ROWID = $row[0]['da.ROWID'];
    $this->dept_id = $row[0]['da.dept_id'];
    $this->dept_name = $row[0][''];
    $this->script = $row[0]['da.script'];
    $this->action = $row[0]['da.action'];
    $this->description = $row[0]['da.description'];

For ATTACH DATABASE to work you need to run it in a $db->queryExec(ATTACH DATABASE...); before using $db->arrayQuery. This is most likly the case with other OO methods to. This on stumped me for a while.
heinemann.juergen AT
11.11.2005 18:53
Simple Example for using SQLite for small Buffering Clipboard ;)


// $Id: SQLiteClipboard.php5,v 1.1 2005/09/09 10:15:26 heinemann Exp $

 * @callgraph
 * @class      SQLiteClipboard
 * @short      Simple Read/Write Clipboard Class
 * @version    0.0.1
 * @since      Fr Sep  9 08:14:45 CEST 2005
 * @code
   $sqlite = new SQLiteClipboard( MY_TEMP_DIR );
   if ( $sqlite->INSERTING = time() )
      var_dump( $sqlite->INSERTING );
      echo "Nothing done!";
 * @endcode

final class SQLiteClipboard
$DB = "Clipboard.sqlite";
$TB = "Clipboard";
$ID = "ID";
$PA = "PARAM";
$VA = "VAL";

__construct( $path )
$this->DB = chop( $path . "/" . $this->DB );

   private function
$this->SQL = new SQLiteDatabase( $this->DB, 0660 );
      if ( !
file_exists( $this->DB ) )
"Permission Denied!" );

$q = $this->SQL->query("PRAGMA table_info(" . $this->TB . ")");
      if (
$q->numRows() == 0 ) {
$this->SQL->query( "CREATE TABLE " . $this->TB . " ( " . $this->ID . " INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, " . $this->PA . " CHAR(255), " . $this->VA . " CHAR(255) );" );

   private function
sql_check( $p )
$o = null;
$q = $this->SQL->query( "SELECT " . $this->ID . " FROM " . $this->TB . " WHERE ( " . $this->PA . "='$p' ) ORDER BY " . $this->ID . " LIMIT 1" );
$q->valid() ) {
$r = $q->current();

   public function
__get( $p )
$q = $this->SQL->query( "SELECT " . $this->VA . " FROM " . $this->TB . " WHERE ( " . $this->PA . "='$p' ) ORDER BY " . $this->ID );
$q->valid() ) {
$r = $q->current();
$o = $r[$this->VA];

   public function
__set( $p, $v )
      if (
$this->sql_check( $p ) && ! empty( $v ) )
$this->SQL->query( "UPDATE " . $this->TB . " SET " . $this->VA . "='$v' WHERE ( " . $this->PA . "='$p' );" );
      elseif  ( !
$this->sql_check( $p ) && ! empty( $v ) )
$this->SQL->query( "INSERT INTO " . $this->TB . " ( " . $this->PA . ", " . $this->VA . " ) VALUES ('$p', '$v' );" );
      elseif  (
$this->sql_check( $p ) && empty( $v ) )
$this->SQL->query( "DELETE FROM " . $this->TB . " WHERE ( " . $this->PA . "='$p' );" );

// end Class


1.09.2005 1:21
A function to check whether a table exists:

function sqlite_table_exists(&$sqlite, $table)
$result = $sqlite->query("SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table' AND name='$table'");
$result->numRows() > 0;
bens at effortlessis dot com
14.07.2005 20:37
Sqlite by default allows for foreign keys, but doesn't enforce them.

I found a nice article on how to enforce foreign keys  at

It would be nice if this could be handled with a wrapper class, so that adding foreign keys is done thru a wrapper API to automate the generation of the necessary enforcement triggers. If nobody's done this by the time I start coding against SqlLite/PHP5 in 6-12 months, I'll write one myself, possibly by modifying "jon at jenseng dot com"s alter table wrapper

Anyway, it's not PHP specific, but anybody using Sqlite really should know this!
Stephen Leaf
30.06.2005 14:58
I think it would be good to point out that currently (as of 5.0.4) this extention does not support SQLite 3 databases.
So if your getting an error message like:
Error: file is encrypted or is not a database
That is why.
bart at mediawave dot nl
18.04.2005 16:30
SELECT tablename.columnname FROM table;

will cause SQLite to return an array having tablename.field_name as the array index. (e.g. $result['tablename.field_name'])

To let SQLite return an array having only field_name as the array index (e.g. $result['field_name']) you can issue a 'PRAGMA short_column_names = 1' query:

sqlite_query($connection_id, 'PRAGMA short_column_names = 1');

This behaviour is more consistent with the other database extensions.

For a full list of all pragmas visit:
dotwho at NOSPAM dot mac dot com
10.02.2005 3:03
This may have been obvious to others, but I had a tough time finding the info.

The default location for the actual database file is the same location of the php doc that created the database. You can alter this behavior by specifying the full path in the creation call:

$db = sqlite_open("/absolute/path/my_sqlite.db");

Note that if you used the default location, the db file may be served up by the webserver if it is in a the http document path. This is obviously a security risk that should be avoided.

hunreal+php at gmail dot com
16.01.2005 17:42
Check the db/table if exist

$db=new SQLiteDatabase($db_name, 0666, $error);
if ($error) exit($error);
$q=$db->query("PRAGMA table_info(test)");
if ($q->numRows()!=2) {
    if (!@$db->queryexec("
        CREATE TABLE test (
            text VARCHAR ( 255 ) NOT NULL
    ) exit ("Create SQLite Database Error\n");
nicolas dot toniazzi at free dot fr
16.11.2004 16:24
The same in 3 lines.

function sqlite_table_exists($db,$mytable) {
/* counts the tables that match the name given */
$result = sqlite_query($db,"SELECT COUNT(*) FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table' AND name='$mytable'");

/* casts into integer */
$count = intval(sqlite_fetch_single($result));

/* returns true or false */
return $count > 0;
alexs at alphacomolex dot info
29.10.2004 0:41
the OO version.
function sqlite_table_exists($db,$mytable) {
// ask the database kindly what tables is has.
$result = $db->query("SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table'");
$tables = $result->fetchAll();
// if there's no items in the array then our taget is not going to exists.
if (count($tables) == 0) {
// loop over the tables to see if there's a table we're looking for.
foreach ($tables as $table) {
        if (
$table['name'] == $mytable) {
// there was no such table, informe the user the bad news.
artooro at gmail dot com
22.10.2004 3:26
If you need to check if a table exists, you can use a function like this:
//Returns TRUE if table exists and FALSE otherwise
//  $mytable = table you want to check for

function sqlite_table_exists($mytable) {
$db = sqlite_open('mydb.sqlite', 0666, $sqliteerror);
$query = sqlite_query($db, "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='table'");
$tables = sqlite_fetch_array($query);
    if (
$tables != '') {
        foreach (
$tables as $table) {
            if (
$table == $mytable) {
            else {
    else {

A function like this could be used to create the table if it's not already created, etc.
j-pieper at NOSPAM dot web dot de
19.10.2004 12:18
If you want to create a table in your database which should have an integer primary key, you cannot declare the row like this:

id int(16) primary key
id integer(16) primary key

When you declare it like this it could be that the id isn't auto increment. You have to declare it like this:

id integer primary key
filip at filipdewaard dot com
10.09.2004 8:39
I've written a short article about the (lack of) use of SQLite in-memory databases: . Hopefully it will help somebody out there ;)
8.08.2004 23:59
SQLite tutorials:
jon at jenseng dot com
20.07.2004 23:50
Since SQLite doesn't support ALTER TABLE statements or renaming tables, modifying an existing table is a bit cumbersome. You have to:

1. create a temporary table
2. copy the original table into the temporary table
3. delete the original
4. recreate the original with new column definitions
5. copy the contents back
6. delete the temporary table

As this is rather unwieldy, I've created a wrapper class that allows for ALTER TABLE queries and does the dirty work for you. It has integrated error handling to ensure that queries are completely valid and it allows for complex statements such as:

ALTER TABLE foo ADD bar VARCHAR(27), DROP bar2, CHANGE bar3 foobar INTEGER, ADD bar4 DATE


david at acz dot org
15.07.2004 3:29
You can use the PECL SQLite extension as a static (built into the executable) PHP module with PHP 4.  Download the extension tarball and extract it.  Move it to ext/sqlite in the PHP source directory.  Delete configure and run buildconf.

Example below.  Change version numbers as appropriate:

$ tar -xzvf php-4.3.8.tar.gz
$ tar -xzvf SQLite-1.0.2.tgz
$ mv SQLite-1.0.2 php-4.3.8/ext/sqlite
$ cd php-4.3.8
$ rm configure
$ ./buildconf --force

If everything worked, then you should now be able to build PHP with SQLite support:

$ ./configure --help | grep sqlite
  --with-sqlite           Include sqlite support

I think this method will work for other PECL extensions.

13.05.2004 16:46
PHP5 compile time option --enable-sqlite-utf8

See the note about buggy utf-8 support
csaba at alum dot mit dot edu
14.04.2004 17:16
If you want to get the list of all the columns in a table (and associated information), PRAGMA is helpful (see for details):

if (!($db=@sqlite_open("delme.db",0666,$sqliteerror))) die("Can't open database");
@sqlite_query ($db, 'DROP TABLE foo;');
sqlite_query($db, "CREATE TABLE foo (bar INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, baz VARCHAR(5));");
$aTableStruct = sqlite_array_query($db, "PRAGMA table_info('foo');", SQLITE_ASSOC);
for ($i=0,$aNames=array();$i<sizeof($aTableStruct);++$i)
var_dump ($aNames);    // => ['bar', 'baz']

Note also that if you want to use more than one database in the same connection using "ATTACH DATABASE ..." then you should supply the complete database filename.

Csaba Gabor
cricket at djcricket dot com
31.03.2004 19:30
To elaborate on vpupkin at comcast dot net's post about the INSERT query problem, you will be unable to execute any manipulation queries (INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE/ect) on the SQLite database file unless the directory the SQLite database file resides in is writable by the webserver.

The reason for this is because SQLite needs to write a lock file to the hard drive. After a processes finishes writting, it deletes the lock file. Other processes check for the lock file before writting to the SQLite database file and if present, delay writting until the lock file is no longer present.
jlsalinas at spamsucks dot gmx dot net
14.02.2004 3:22
For those looking for a function similar to mysql_list_tables, here you have:

if (! function_exists ('sqlite_list_tables')) {
    function sqlite_list_tables (&$dblink) {
        $tables = array ();
        $sql = "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE (type = 'table')";
        if ($res = sqlite_query ($dblink, $sql)) {
            while (sqlite_has_more($res)) {
                $tables[] = sqlite_fetch_single($res);
        return $tables;

And a related funtion, to test if a given table exists:

if (! function_exists ('sqlite_table_exists')) {
    function sqlite_table_exists (&$dblink, $table) {
        $sql = "SELECT count(name) FROM sqlite_master WHERE ((type = 'table') and (name = '$table'))";
        if ($res = sqlite_query ($dblink, $sql)) {
            return sqlite_fetch_single($res) > 0;
        } else {
            return false; // or throw exception

Of course it would be preferable to have these functions included in the library, to avoid potential changes internal to SQLite; but we'll have to stick to this method until then.
vpupkin at comcast dot net
1.12.2003 5:53
if you are going to send INSERT queries, you will need to make the folder, where you put your "file.db", writable by a web server user, otherwise you'll receive error message - "Unable to open database . . . ". File permissions are not enough (phpinfo - SQLite Lib 2.8.3)
Minots Estich
22.11.2003 3:47
If you gone in trouble while/with installation of sqlite,
you can try the installation steps I've done at
RedHat9 with PHP4.3.4 and Apache 1.3.28
via the Linux shell:

# wget
# tar xzf SQLite-1.0.tgz
# cd sqlite
# export PHP_PREFIX="/usr"
# $PHP_PREFIX/bin/phpize
# ./configure
# make
# make install

After that add following to php.ini and restart Apache:

ng4rrjanbiah at rediffmail dot com
7.11.2003 16:19
Very nice MS PowerPoint presentation titled "SQLite and PHP" (author: Wez Furlong) can be downloaded at [134 KB]

R. Rajesh Jeba Anbiah

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